Best firewood to burn

Here’s a handy chart that lists common firewood types and helps you find the best one for your needs. Sort any column to see the best score by BTU rank, ease to split, smokiness, amount of sparks, coal quality and fragrance. We average the scores for each of these factors and rank the best firewood to burn with an overall score rating.

The BTU rank is a fixed list that ranks firewood by highest BTU per cord. All other categories are given a score of 1 to 5, with 5 being the highest score. 5=excellent, 4=good, 3=average, 2=fair, and 1=poor.

woodbtu ranksplitsmokesparkscoalssmellscore
Osage Orange15515599.46
Dogwood21553393.25
Oak White33555488.54
Locust Black41555384.54
Beech51555483.54
Apple63554582.42
Locust Honey75555381.71
Oak Bur85555480.42
Mulberry95315478.25
Maple Other105555478.38
Oak Red113555475.42
Ash White123554373.92
Walnut Black135554468.58
Juniper143311565.75
Larch153313365.75
Coffeetree163554466.5
Hackberry175554365.5
Pine Lodgepole185313464.21
Elm Siberian191354363.63
Birch203354363.67
Douglas Fir215153363.21
Cherry225555563.67
Ash Green235554362
Elm American241355461.33
Sycamore251354359.54
Hemlock265511458.96
Maple Silver273555459.08
Box elder281351355.54
Aspen295554356.75
Cedar Western303311555.25
Chestnut315311354.67
Willow325551354.5
Alder335534354.38
Catalpa341354150.17
Pine Ponderosa355313449.92
Pine White365331449.04
Cottonwood375354349.42
Spruce385311347.38
Fir White395351345.42
Poplar405313143
Basswood415351443.25
Buckeye423551343.08
Cedar Eastern435511340.42